Yesterday, Elsie Martins sang her praises of Marcel Duchamp. Today, EyeSeeSound ( gives us a rundown of the genre that he stood at the helm of: Dada or Dadaism was an art movement that existed mainly in France, Switzerland, and Germany from about 1916 to about 1922 and was based on the principles of deliberate irrationality, anarchy, and cynicism and the rejection of the laws of beauty and social organization. Seen as an anti-art movement Dada actually helped to create (along with Bauhaus), and could be said to be the Father movement of, Modern Conceptual art and design. Image and video hosting by TinyPic Utilizing techniques, such as collage, photomontage and the found object, artists such as Marcel Duchamp and Hannah Hoch, as well as other artists such as Hugo Ball (who many see as one of the founders of the movement) saw Dada as a protest movement, asking those who came to view their work to question what they saw and experienced around them...predominantly, they were against the elements of western culture and society that felt it was politically and socially correct to go to war and this continued into their philosphy of attempting to destroy traditional ideologies within both art and social/political movements at this time . Dada was not confined to just art, it was also prevalent in theatre and music as creative forms within which protest and creativity could come together to make a point about the world around them. They felt that art (in all its forms) should be created with the view of making a statement. The aesthetic and beauty inherent in earlier art movements were shunned by the Dada movement who felt art should question and shock the viewer into seeing beyond the aesthetic (both artistically and socially) and to question the reality of the world around them. Image and video hosting by TinyPic Although the Dada movement was quite short lived compared to other movements, Dada, and its protagonists did as much for the evolution of modern theories relating to art, design and culture as the other elements of the Modernist art movements of the 20th century. Image and video hosting by TinyPic To us this is always what art in all its forms should be about...observations, questions, shock of the real, shock of the true and the untrue... We finish A Badge of Friendship's series of art features tomorrow with a piece by Amit Sharma of Ex Libras